21 Nov 00:21 2012

## AST Rewriting

Steve Severance <sseverance <at> alphaheavy.com>

2012-11-20 23:21:01 GMT

2012-11-20 23:21:01 GMT

Hi Everyone,

I am trying to build a function to rewrite and AST. I have and AST which is designed to represent a computation graph. I will present a simplified version here designed to illustrate the problem. I have tried numerous ways of rewriting it including uniplate, recursion and Edward Kmett's implementation of plate in his lens package.

My AST is defined using GADTs as follows:

class (ReflectDescriptor a, Typeable a, Wire a) => ProtoBuf a

data Expression a b where

OpenTable :: (ProtoBuf b) => Int -> Table -> Expression () b

OpenFile :: (ProtoBuf b) => Int -> String -> Expression () b

WriteFile :: (Typeable a, ProtoBuf b) => Int -> String -> Expression a b -> Expression b ()

WriteTable :: (Typeable a, ProtoBuf b) => Int -> Table -> Expression a b -> Expression b ()

Map :: (ProtoBuf a, ProtoBuf b, ProtoBuf c) => Int -> (a -> b) -> Expression c a -> Expression a b

LocalMerge :: (ProtoBuf a) => Int -> [Expression c a] -> Expression c a

The user can create code inside a Monad Transformer like so:

q <- query $ do

table <- openTable myTable

transform <- map someFunc table

writeTable otherTable transform

As part of this language the compiler I am building would need to for instance transform OpenTable into a series OpenFile nodes with a LocalMerge to merge the results together.

So uniplate cannot work over GADTs if I recall correctly.

I exchanged emails with Edward and he explained that for the lens case I would need something like an indexed lens family from his indexed package which is not implemented yet but which may be in the future.

The issue with recursion is that as you recurse through the AST the a b on the Expression change and GHC cannot compile it because it wants the a b to be the same on each recursive call.

My question to the Haskell community is how might one develop AST rewriting functionality. One possible solution is stripping the types away from GHC and doing all the type checking myself. That doesn't seem very good.

Another possibility that I have looked at was using hoopl. It seems very compatible given that it is built for describing and optimizing data flow which I am doing however the learning curve looks quite steep. I have been reluctant so far to invest the time in it.

Has anyone developed something similar? What recommendations do you have?

Thanks.

Steve

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