Propositions in Haskell
2013-05-15 15:34:28 GMT
-- I am trying to show that a set of propositions and a conclusion the form a valid argument.
-- I used two approaches; 1) using if-then-else, 2) using pattern matching.
-- The version using if-then-else seems to be consistent with my knowledge of Haskell and logic (either of which could be wrong).
-- Can the second approach be improved to better reflect the propositions and conclusion? Maybe type level reasoning could be used?
-- Valid argument?
-- 1. I work hard or I play piano
-- 2. If I work hard then I will get a bonus
-- 3. But I did not get a bonus
-- Therefore I played piano
-- Variables: p = Piano, w = worked hard, b = got a bonus
-- (w \/ p) /\ (w => b) /\ ¬(b)
-- First approach using language control structure if-then-else
w, p, b::Bool
-- Two equivalences for (w \/ p) as an implication.
-- 1. (w \/ p) =equivalent-to=> (not p) => w
-- 2. (w \/ p) =equivalent-to=> (not w) => p
-- Picked 2
p = if (not w) then True else False
-- Contrapositive: (w => b) =equivalent-to=> ~b => ~w
w = if (not b) then False else True
b = False
-- gives p is true and w is false
-- Second approach using pattern matching
-- I think the rewriting goes from left to right but the logical inference goes in the opposite direction.
w1, p1, b1::Bool
p1 = (not w1)
w1 = b1 -- Not consistent with statements, but I do not know how to write ~b1 => ~w1 in Haskell
b1 = False
-- Again gives p1 is true and w1 is false
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